What is acute liver failure?
Acute hepatocellular failure (or acute liver failure) is a critical condition that is life-threatening.
Hepatocytes (liver cells) work insufficiently, which can lead to serious complications.
What are the causes?
There are multiple causes, but they are only identified in about 50% of cases.
Some of the known causes include:
What are the symptoms?
Acute hepatocellular failure occurs suddenly in an apparently healthy patient.
Symptoms can vary:
Signs depend on the origin of the liver failure. Doctors usually monitor the child closely in intensive care and try to maintain the functionality of their various organs, including the liver.
If the situation becomes critical, emergency liver transplantation is the only treatment possible.
What is the prognosis?
The critical stage is prior to liver transplantation. Afterwards, the prognosis for survival is excellent, although depending on the primary disease, there can be consequences, especially neurological.